The Malays were the second largest ethnic group in Singapore until the 1860s and they worked as fishermen, craftsmen, or as wage earners while continued to live mostly in kampungs or traditional Malay villages. Rice, salt, cooking oil and cloth were some of the essential items that had to be rationed. Today (Feb 15) is the 75th anniversary of the fall of Singapore. : RCLOS 940.541352 POT.5. The victims were mostly Singaporean Chinese and ranged from trade unionists, petty businessmen, activists and civil … [2] Percival wished to delay the ceasefire so as to ensure that all of his men received their orders on time. Here are more articles you can read on World War 2 and the Japanese Occupation: The Syonan Gallery, Empire Ball, and the Singaporean identity On the road to Syonan-to: How Singapore got swept into WW2 20 Malay schools re-opened on 12 April and four days later, 10 Indian schools started class. In 1937, Japan began to invade the rest of China. Look out for Volume 1, which traces Japan’s rise to power in the 1930s, defence of Singapore during the Malayan Campaign, resistance efforts by the locals before and during the Occupation to recover Singapore, as well as the subsequent surrender of Japan and the aftermath of war. Military forces of the Empire of Japan occupied Singapore after defeating the combined Australian, British, Indian and Malayan garrison in the Battle of Singapore.The occupation was to become a major turning point in the history of several … 218–219). Interview with Lady Percy McNeice nee Loke Yuen Peng. Information on the Japanese Occupation of Malaya and Singapore is sparse, and Japanese-language materials are particularly difficult to find because the Japanese military systematically destroyed war-related documents when the war ended. BEFORE THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION. Retrieved December 19, 2013, from Singapore Infopedia; National Library Board. To the best of the author's knowledge, not all of the primary sources listed here are available online or at NUS Libraries. Some remain unpublished and undigitized or were privately printed and circulated, as is the case with many memoir collections edited by (and for) Japanese veterans' associations. War Memory in Singapore and Malaya: Japanese Sources (Yale-NUS College). An island city and the capital of the Straits Settlement of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore had been a British colony since the 19th century. The Japanese Occupation of Malaya and Singapore, 1941-45. Potter, 1963, p. 92.7. Singapore 1941–1942: The Japanese version of the Malayan campaign of World War II (pp. The author would also like to thank the Yale-NUS Library, NUS Chinese-Japanese Library, Ritsumeikan University's Kyoto Museum for World Peace and the Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies (KCJS) for their invaluable support throughout the research period. Shortly after British forces surrendered in Singapore on 15 February 1942, the Japanese military began operation Kakyou Shukusei [a] or Dai Kenshou [b], known in the Chinese community of Singapore as the Sook Ching ("Purge") [c], in which many … London: Brassey's UK. The occupation … This subject guide covers Japanese-medium primary sources relevant to the Japanese Occupation of Singapore and Malaya. The Japanese Occupation of Singapore Oral History Collection become an has indispensable source of information; powerfully filling the huge gap caused by the deliberate destruction of written records. Many of them were born in They used them by forced labour to repair the damaged docks in Singapore. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic. Singapore News -The National Library's NewspaperSG portal has been given a "historical" boost.. Read more at straitstimes.com. Singapore: Oxford University Press. Potter, 1963, p. 91.6. In July 1941, when Japanese troops occupied French Indochina, the Japanese telegraphed their intentions to transfer Singapore from the British to its own burgeoning empire. This guide is not intended to be comprehensive, but aims to be a resource to students and scholars interested in this historical period. By the time the war ended, the " banana money " had no value and became useless. Drawing on surviving wartime administrative papers, oral sources, intelligence reports and post-war accounts by Japanese officers, this book presents a picture of life in occupied Malaya and Singapore. Interview with Arthur Alexander Thompson. They will get food if they work. This guide aims to increase awareness of and accessibility to these sources (as well as relevant secondary literature) to students, scholars and members of the public interested in the Japanese Occupation and the impact it has had on Singaporean national identity. This means that people would be willing to pay high prices to get more than their ration. 180–183). On 15 February 1942, which was the first day of the Lunar New Year, Lieutenant General Arthur E. Percival, who was then the General Officer Commanding (Malaya), signed the surrender documents before Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita, Commander of the Japanese 25th Army that invaded Malaya on 8 December 1941. During this period known as the Japanese Occupation, the people suffered and lived in constant fear of the Japanese - the price that a country has to pay when it is occupied by another country. In Syonan, they focused on teaching of the Japanese language and cultures. Japanese Occupation, 1942 to 1945: Sime Road Camp, Syonan-To. Faced with no other choice, Percival signed the surrender documents, thereby sealing the fate of Singapore and subjecting the island to three-and-a-half years of Japanese occupation.[7]References1. 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