In 2017, Statistics Canada said Canadian women … Council of Canadian Academies, 2015. For example, the percentage of women enrolled in building construction programs was 3.7% in 2007, a slight increase over the 1.4% in 1991 (Chart 5). In 1981, women aged 25 to 49 who were university graduates were less likely to get married than those who were less educated. According to 2017-18 numbers from NCES 76.5 percent of teachers are female, while 23.5 percent are male. Finally, almost one fifth (19%) of women with a degree in science and technology were working in natural and applied science occupations compared with just over one quarter (26%) among their male counterparts. Women were 41.0% of full-time academic teaching staff at Canadian universities in 2018–2019. Some Assembly Required: STEM Skills and Canada’s Economic Productivity. In 2006, Statistics Canada presented the results of an extensive study to determine how ready 5-year-olds were to learn when starting elementary school.2 They compared boys and girls on 11 measurements, including language and communication skills, academic skills, self-regulation of learning, self-control of behaviour as well as social competence and independence. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. Home » Employees and HR » 19 Great Men vs. Women Statistics and Differences. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. The proportion of women among students enrolled in undergraduate programs has never reached or exceeded 60%. 89-555-X. Adolescents out of school, male (% of male lower secondary school age) School enrollment, secondary, male (% net) Download. At graduation, female college graduates owed somewhat more than male graduates ($15,900 and $13,400 respectively) (Table 10). The proportion of female lone parents with a university degree more than doubled between 1991 and 2011 to 20% (a difference of 11 percentage points). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. The rate of overqualification among Canadian-born men who completed their degree in health was considerably higher than among their female counterparts at 9.1%. Women in the field of education For example, the median age of female professors overall was 3 years younger in 2010-2011 than their male counterparts. In 1990, the dropout rate was 14% for women aged 20 to 24 and 19% for men of the same age group. Evolution of schooling from 1990 to 2009 Toronto. Women earned 45.1 percent of bachelor's degrees in business in 1984-5 and 50 percent by 2001-2, up from only 9.1 percent in 1970-1. Young female immigrants aged 25 to 34 accounted for a larger proportion of young women aged 25 to 34 with university degreesNote 60 (27%) than they did of the young female population with a university degree in 2011 (22%). The earnings ratio between women and men was the lowest among those with degrees in business, management and public administration, architecture, engineering, and related technologies, and physical and life sciences and technologies, (all three fields at 0.78). University studies The most common field of study among male college diploma holders was engineering technology, a field associated with high employment incomes among men ($66,962), while the employment income of the most common field of study of their female counterparts was business, management, marketing and related support services with a median employment income of $43,645. Finally, the proportion of women with no formal education credentialsNote 6 (no certificate, diploma or degree) showed a large decline from 31% in 1991 to less than 9% in 2015. In 1992/1993, 33% of women undergraduates were studying part time, compared with only 24% of men (Table 10). Five out of six higher education institutions now have more female students than male - and if every single man who applied to university were to … Among young male Canadian-born degree holders, the lowest overqualification rates were among those who graduated in architecture, engineering and related technologies (5.1%), mathematics, computer and information sciences (6.3%) and education (7.8%). Among young biological and biomedical science degree holders aged 25 to 34, young women accounted for the majority (64%). All Countries and Economies. A recent studyNote 72 looked at whether the significant growth in the proportion of younger employed women with university degrees had translated into corresponding changes in women's occupational profile since 1991. Notably, while all the western provinces had relatively high proportions of women with a high school diploma as their highest level of education (28% in Saskatchewan, 27% in British Columbia and Manitoba, and 26% in Alberta), the proportions of women with no formal educational credentials were low (7% in British Columbia, 8% in Saskatchewan, 9% in Alberta and Manitoba). High school marks were also collected in YITS. Scoring at a level 4 or 5 in literacy proficiency means that a person ‘can undertake tasks that involve integrating information across multiple dense texts and reasoning by inference’.Note 31. A much smaller proportion (4%) of men had completed a diploma in this grouping. In 2011, almost one fifth (19%) of women aged 25 to 54 with children were living in a lone parent family.Note 45 Female lone parents have different educational outcomes than female parents who are part of couples, and face economic challenges such as a greater prevalence of low income.Note 46 The proportion of women in both types of families with no formal credentials has decreased dramatically (Table 9). Field of study preferences again played a role (Table 22). Male degree holders in computer and information sciences ranked 6th, compared with 15th among female degree holders. Similarly, women accounted for 58% of the total number of graduates in 2013. International students account for an increasing proportion of enrolments in Canadian public colleges and universities, at almost 10% of total enrolments in 2013-14. Skills in Canada: First Results from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Women in Quebec and Ontario were most likely to have earned a postsecondary degree (Chart 2). The higher unemployment rate among all young female STEM degree holders may be at least partly explained by the fact that young immigrant women accounted for a larger proportion of young female STEM degree holders, and their unemployment rates were higher, than Canadian-born STEM degree holders (Table 17). In 2008, 46% of female workers had received support from their employer while taking a training or education program, a proportion that reached 55% among men (Table 14). In comparison, women with a college diploma had 24% higher earnings ($43,415) than women with an apprenticeship certificate ($34,959) and 15% higher earnings than those with only a high school diploma ($37,859). Women who studied in this field did so primarily to become a child care provider/assistant. Men are earning significantly more money than women with the same level of post-secondary education in the years after they enter the workforce, a new study from Statistics Canada shows.. Degrees conferred by race and sex. In all provinces, the share that women accounted for among younger STEM degree holders was at least 13 percentage points higher than their share among older STEM degree holders. For example, women increased their share of health policy researchers by 29 percentage points to 76%. In 2009, 1% of full-time students aged 15 to 19 were working full time, a percentage that does not vary by gender (Table7). © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Industry, 2018. While women are also the majority among high school and college teachers, the situation is completely different at the university level. The proportion of women who had not completed high school dropped considerably, from 26% in 1990 to 9% in 2009 (Chart 1). Similar to literacy, there was no major difference in the PS-TRE scores of women and men except among those aged 55 to 65, where a larger proportion of men (19%) had a PS-TRE proficiency at level 2 or 3 compared with women (14%).Note 37. All Countries and Economies. This compared with the median earnings of $61,526 for the top apprenticeship field of study for men, namely mechanic and repair technologies/technicians. The fields of "Physical and life sciences, and technologies" and "Health, parks, recreation and fitness" were the two exceptions to this wage premium for men. Given the rapid increase between 1991 and 2011 in the proportion of young employed women with university degrees (19% to 40%), compared with that for young employed men (17% to 27%), it is to be expected that the proportion of women in occupations held by university graduates would naturally rise. This fact sheet is primarily based on self-reported data from the 2014 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization, Footnote 1 on police-reported data from the 2018 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Footnote 2 and on court data from the 2016/2017 Adult Criminal Court Survey. This proportion reached a peak in British Columbia and Ontario where, respectively, 93% and 92% of women had at least a high school diploma. 2014. The earnings ratio between women and men increased with most levels of education to 0.87 among those with an earned doctorate. The gap in numeracy scores between women and men aged 16 to 24 was 9 points but was higher at 19.5 points for those aged 55 to 65. For more information on this concept, please see http://www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/definitions/education06-eng.htm. Every three years, as part of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), countries across the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) administer a standardized test to 15 year olds to assess how they apply their knowledge and skills in reading, mathematics and science. In comparison, among male university degree holders, 34% had a proficiency level of 4 or 5 in numeracy compared with 7% among those with a high school diploma or less. This section examines changes in the  composition by sex between 1991 and 2011 by regrouping the occupations held by young workers aged 25 to 34 into three categories: those in the top 25 occupations for both women and men, those in the top 25 occupations for women only, those in the top 25 occupations for men only. These findings represent the average for Canada. A very small number studied in 'engineering technology' at the university level. The earnings ratio of women and men who were self-employed with a degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry was much higher (0.94) than among paid employees (0.75). Examining recent enrolments and graduations from public educational institutions in Canada provides a profile of potential new entrants to the labour market. Girls’ education is a longstanding priority for the WBG, as evidenced by the Charlevoix Declaration on Quality Education for Girls, Adolescent Girls, and Women in Developing Countries, signed by the World Bank in 2018 with a commitment of contributing USD$2 billion in 5 years. However, young women with a registered apprenticeship certificate or a trade school certificate were earning … In 2011, one-third (34%) of women aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma as their highest level of education had completed their diploma in business, management, marketing and related support services. Among young male Canadian-born degree holders, the highest overqualification rates were among those who graduated in humanities fields (30.5%), and social and behavioural sciences and law (22.9%) and visual and performing arts (22.6%). Similar to women, visible minority men who were immigrants were more likely (26%) to be overqualified than immigrant men who were not visible minorities (19%). Among certain young men, the desire to work was an important factor, whereas pregnancy and caring for children were reasons mentioned by a number of young women. A greater percentage of women leave these programs with a diploma or degree. Ottawa, pg 86. Viewing women’s education and career path through the lens of a ‘pipeline’ metaphor can be useful, beginning in high school to identify potential ‘leaks’ in the pipeline. 75-006-X. The proportion of Inuit women aged 25 to 64 among STEM university degree holders was examined but was not included in the analysis due to small counts. These three fields accounted for almost half (47%) of female university degree holders compared with about a third of men (35%) (Table 16). Assistant Professors: 50.0% 4. The two lowest rates of overqualification among young male immigrants were and mathematics, computer and information sciences (12.7%) and architecture, engineering and related technologies (15.7%), the same fields of study as among young Canadian-born male degree holders. The truth is there isn’t much of a difference between the two years. The high proportion of Canadian-born women who completed their STEM degree in science and technology and the fact that the unemployment rate of graduates in this field is higher can help to explain the higher STEM unemployment rates among Canadian-born women. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, women were in the minority among those with an apprenticeship certificate as their highest certificate, diploma or degree (2 in 10 apprenticeship certificate holders were women). Chart 5 Women in registered apprenticeship training programs, by non-traditional trade group, Canada, 1991 to 2007. JustFacts Sexual Assault. The difference between boys and girls was especially significant in written work: 71% of parents stated that their daughter had good or very good performance. Among young female STEM degree holders, those who studied engineeringNote 70 were the most likely to be working in natural and applied science related occupations. Ottawa. While women form the majority of enrolments at universities, they are less likely to be taught by women. These were similar to the top three occupations among young employed men with a university degree in 1991. 2013. Young immigrant women with STEM degrees had an unemployment rate that was slightly higher (10.7%) than that of young immigrant women with non-STEM degrees (10.2%).Note 62. The study also found that among young women who perceived their mathematics skills to be excellent, 47% chose a STEM program at university compared with 66% of young men with similar positive perceptions. "Gender differences in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and computer science (STEM) programs at university." Rising tuition fees and concern over the opportunities available to new graduates in terms of returns to education have highlighted issues around student debt in Canada. In comparison, among men, the percentage with a trades certificateNote 5 has remained relatively constant: 14% of men had a trades certificate in 1991 compared with 15% in 2015. In Canada, a similar proportion of women and men aged 16 to 65 (about 82% for both sexes) were assessed for PS-TRE. In comparison, the average mathematics PISA score among men who chose STEM programs at university was 597; higher than among men overall (589) and  among men who chose health (577) at university. The earnings of women with a bachelor's degree were 58% higher than the earnings of women with a high school diploma and 41% higher than the earnings of women with college education. For the purposes of this report, ‘trades certificate’ refers to a trades certificate or diploma, including apprenticeship certificates. In general, the earnings ratios were at 0.80 or higher at the university level of education, while they were below 0.80 at other levels of education. The 2011 National Household Survey showed that similar to their non-Aboriginal counterparts, Aboriginal womenNote 58 accounted for the majority of Aboriginal people with a university degree. This field accounted for just over one third (34%) of male apprenticeship certificate holders who worked full time and full year.Note 75. 19 Great Men vs. Women Statistics and Differences. Is there information outdated? 3. Skills in Canada: First Results from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Despite all that, certain challenges persist: women's employment earnings are on average still lower than men's, even when they have the same education level (see the chapter on the economic well-being of women). Ibid, pg 18. In 2015, Canadian women who graduated with bachelor’s degrees in STEM earned just 82.1% of the earnings of their male counterparts.40 Even after more than thirty years of equal pay legislation, women in the European Union who worked in professional, scientific and technical activities earned 73.4% of what men did in 2014.41 In the United States, women in computer, engineering, and science occupations were paid an estimated 80.3% of men’s annual median earnings in 2017.42 1. Women from … College programs tend to be occupation-driven and thus subject to occupational segregation by sex. Among First Nations STEM degree holders aged 25 to 64, 4 in 10 (40%) were First Nations women. A university degree holder was defined as being overqualified when they worked in an occupation usually requiring a high school diploma or less.Note 63Note 64. Reflecting the fact that more women than men are now in university, the gender-based differences were even more pronounced among young adults. Female university degree holders aged 25 to 64 (24%) were more likely than trades (7%) or college (8%) certificate or diploma holders to have completed their degree outside of Canada. Hango, Darcy. At just under half (49%), women were less likely to report that the reason they intended to pursue a doctorate was to become a university professor compared with 55% among their male counterparts. Respondents were asked to rate their mathematical ability in high school as ‘excellent’, ‘very good’, ‘good’, ‘fair’ and ‘poor’. For more information on proficiency levels in PISA, please see Council of Ministers of Education, Canada, Employment and Social Development Canada and Statistics Canada, Measuring up: Canadian Results of the OECD PISA Study The Performance of Canada’s Youth in Mathematics, Reading and Science 2012 First Results for Canadians Aged 15. Ottawa (ON): The Expert Panel on STEM Skills for the Future, Council of Canadian Academies. There are many reasons women may enter tenure track earlier or later including the timing of family formation. (Chart 8). Although women with a university degree were somewhat less likely to live common-law, they were still more likely to live as part of a couple than those who were not graduates. Like at the college level, women and men tend to choose different university programs (Table 9). In 2008, 36% of people aged 25 to 64 had participated in job-related studies or training, an increase from 30% in 2002. Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. However, similar to previous Canadian PISA results and to most other OECD countries, in 2012, girls continued to score significantly higher in readingNote 16 than boys (541 versus 506 respectively, Table 2).Note 17  The difference in reading scores favouring girls was 35 points, comparable to the average difference between the sexes across all OECD countries (38 points). Women accounted for 59% of younger science and technology degree holders compared with 35% of their older counterparts. The patterns among men were similar. Women Are at or Near Parity Across Academic Ranks Except for Professor 11. ISBN 978-0-88987-230-1. ISBN 978-0-88987-230-1. 2013. The earnings of women with a bachelor's degree were 58% higher than the earnings of women with a high school diploma and 41% higher than the earnings of women with college education. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, women accounted for over half (54%) of all university degree holders aged 25 to 64, 55% of bachelor's degree holders, 51% of master's degree holders, but only 39% of earned doctorate holders. In the 2011 NOC, there were 5 categories related to information technology. The proportion of female parents in couples with a university degree also doubled in that time period to 33% (a difference of 18 percentage points). For example, the most common field of study of female apprenticeship certificate holders who worked full time and full year was personal and culinary services (35%), for which the annual median employment income was $30,898 (Table 21). College studies For example, female degree holders in engineering ranked 7th, while they ranked 2nd among male degree holders. The scenario was completely different for the architecture, engineering and related services program, where only 22% of graduates were women in 2008 (up from 18% in 1990). In general, girls exhibit a higher level of commitment to school than boys (interest in learning, respect for rules and obligations), which helps explain why they are less likely to drop out than their male counterparts.8. Just over half of postsecondary graduates in Prince Edward Island (53%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (54%) were women. The employment income in 2010 of female Canadian-born university graduates tended to be higher than the female immigrant population with degrees ($65,366 compared with $54,165). The proportion of women with a university degree in both types of families has increased over time, however at a slower pace for female lone parents. 75-001-XIE. In comparison, over half (52%) of young male STEM degree holders worked in natural and applied sciences occupations. The pattern and rates were similar among male university degree holders, as a higher proportion (31%) had a proficiency level of 4 or 5 in literacy than those with a high school diploma or less (7%). In addition to the importance of finding employment, working in an occupation which requires a skill level corresponding to the level of education is also very important. Table 6 High school dropout rates, by province, 1990, 2000 and 2009. Ottawa: Statistics Canada and Human Resources Development Canada. Starting off our journey to the discovery of the infidelity statistics, let’s compare the differences between 2018 and 2019. In order to remain historically comparable, the scores presented in table 1 are paper-based results. Chart 7 Percentage of women among full-time university enrolments, by program level, Canada, 1992/1993 to 2008/2009, Chart 8 Percentage of women among university graduates, by program level, Canada, 1992 to 2008. Table 14 Participation in job-related studies or training programs, Canada, 2002 and 2008. For example, debt loads in Quebec tend to be lower. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/12-583-x/12-583-x2011001-eng.pdf pg15. Moreover, three years after graduation, women had not repaid as much of their student debt (45%) as men (53%), with women and men owing $8,600 and $6,200 respectively. Even among graduates in the same field of study grouping, women earned less; male college graduates in business, management, marketing and related support services earned $56,816. For example, women aged 25 to 29 with a graduate or professional degree (Master's or PhD) and with full-year full-time work were earning 96 cents for each dollar earned by their male counterparts in 2005. When both spouses have the same education level, for example a university degree, this is called educational homogamy. Can't find what you're looking for? In 2009, about 7% of women and 10% of men were dropouts, in other words, they were not attending school and did not have a high school diploma. Even though the difference with the other provinces was relatively low, it is in Newfoundland and Labrador (86%) and Quebec (89%) that women in this age group were less likely to have earned their high school diploma. Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada. ... (2019, January 3). Among immigrants, young Filipino women had the highest rates of overqualification (50%) compared with Chinese women who had the lowest (22%). While the female share of mechanical engineers (12%) remained relatively small in 2011, it doubled from 6% in 1991. However, women had lower average incomes ($51,100 versus $60,300). Since the recent economic downturn in 2008, increased attention has been paid to the economic prospects of young people. Women have sustained a long-term trend toward higher education by increasingly completing postsecondary qualifications (Chart 1a).Note 1. The results in this study indicate that self-perceived math ability plays a role in discouraging girls from choosing STEM fields at university. National Household Survey, 2011. To this end, the Agency has developed standards of service which its employees observe in serving its clients. A similar increase in female enrolments is common to most of the other non-traditional programs. Among non-Aboriginal university degree holders aged 25 to 34, women accounted for 59%, while among older non-Aboriginal degree holders, 47% were women. The number of female immigrants with a university degree aged 25 to 34 over the total female population with a university degree aged 25 to 34 by province. Council of Canadian Academies, 2015. In terms of curiosity, the study found that 67% of boys often showed curiosity, versus 48% of girls. University graduates include those with a certificate below bachelor’s level as well as degrees at the bachelor’s level or above and exclude all graduates who had returned to school within three years of graduation in 2009/2010. 2. Almost all college diploma holders in this sub-group were women (94%) (not shown in chart). Women have progressed considerably in terms of education and schooling over the past few decades. In 2015, Ontario had the largest proportion of women with a university certificate or degree (36%) followed by British Columbia and Alberta (both at 36%, same as the national average) (Chart 3). This assessment measures the respondents’ ability to use digital technology, to communicate with others and to solve problems which are commonly encountered in a technology-rich world.Note 35 Proficiency levels for PS-TRE were determined using average scores and divided into 3 levels.Note 36, Overall, a slightly higher proportion of Canadians aged 16 to 65 had a PS-TRE score of level 2 or 3 (37%) compared with the OECD (34%). The concept of overqualification as presented here, in contrast, is a more conservative measure which focuses on persons with a bachelor’s level education or higher who are working in an occupation that typically requires high school or less. Young immigrant women represented a large share among young female mathematics and computer sciences degree holders (65%) and young female engineering degree holders (54%). 75–001–X. Question: What is the percentage of degrees conferred by race and sex? For example, the share of women declined by 15 percentage points among customer service representatives in financial services (from 95% to 79%), and by 13 percentage points among food counter attendants and kitchen helpers (from 79% to 65%). The proportion of physical science degree holders aged 25 to 34 that were women was almost double (41%) that of among those aged 55 to 64 (22%). Today, the situation is completely different. In fact, some regions of the country can attract university graduates born elsewhere or who received their education in another region or province. Children under the age of 17 were included because the majority (over 99%) of women in NEET had children who were aged 16 and under. The two fields in which the smallest proportion of women were recorded were mathematics, computer and information sciences (23% of graduates), and architectural, engineering and related services (14% of graduates). Consistent with results from previous PIAAC assessments, sex was shown to be associated with literacy among those in older age groups and across all ages for numeracy. “Overqualification among recent university graduates in Canada.” Insights on Canadian Society. This could be partly explained by differences in the sub-fields of study between women and men. In 1990, about one-quarter of women aged 25 to 54 had not earned a high school diploma and only 14% of them had a university degree (Chart 1). Women represented 39% of university STEM degree holders aged 25 to 34, compared with only 23% of STEM degree holders aged 55 to 64. Statistics Canada, Employment and Social Development Canada and Council of Ministers of Education. For example, the unemployment rate of young female Canadian-born women was 3.1% for degree holders in health and related programs, 3.4% for education degree holders, and 3.6% for business, management, marketing and related support services. It should be noted that persons in the skill level associated with “management” occupations are excluded from this analysis since the educational requirements for management occupations vary widely by sector. Apart from natural and applied sciences occupations, the two occupation groups accounting for the highest proportion of young female STEM degree holders were occupations in education, law and social and government services (22%) and business, finance and administration (14%). 2014. Together, they accounted for 6% of young employed men with a university degree (not shown in chart). Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available. (Table C.2.2) and Labour Force Survey, 2014. Curiosity, the situation had completely changed for over three quarters ( 76 % or electrical and electronic.! 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